It has been estimated that about one fifth of the British Army was serving in the Royal Artillery
|The two distinct branches of the Royal Artillery in Word War One were.
Royal Field Artillery
who fired the smaller mobile Field Guns.
These had wooden wheels, were smaller calibre and positioned closer to the front line. The RFA moved frequently using teams of horses.
The Royal Garrison Artillery
who fired the heavy long range guns. The RGA guns were in fixed positions difficult to move and heavy calibre.
|Both branches wore the same cap badge shown above and wore either RGA or RFA as their shoulder title. Unless the shoulder title is visible there are no other indications of the branch to which a Gunner belonged.
In the artillery:-
Cannons are called Guns
Privates are called Gunner. (Gnr for short)
Lance Corporals are called Lance Bombadier.
Corporals are called Bombadier.
Many Regiments wear lanyards the Artillery wear a white lanyard.
To envisage a gunner's army life we should know whether he was RGA or RFA. If his boots are visible and he has an oval of leather covering his laces he is wearing spurs. In many photographs Artillery gunners are seen wearing a leather bandolier of ammunition pouches diagonally across the chest. Their duties made wearing of normal infantry waistbelt ammunition pouches difficult.
Spurs and bandoliers both point towards RFA but I have seen photographs of RGA Gunners wearing both.
As a rule of thumb the RFA had a greater involvement with horses.